Did you know?"
The church at nearby Kirk Andreas retains an immediately transparent truncated appearance due to the tower having to be shortened in height to allow Spitfires to land more safely. The dismantled stones were stored in a nearby field and intended to be restored in peacetime but the local populace then decided not to bother, and the material was used for other building duties. A memorial window dedicated to No 11 Air Gunnery School can be found inside the church."
|Also known as:||Andreas Aerodrome / RAF Andreas|
|County:||Isle of Man|
|Current Status:||Aviation / Farmland (main position) / Housing / Industry|
|Date:||1 September 1941 - January 1947; subsequent limited flying to present|
|Current Use:||Limited flying|
|Used By:||RAF (main user) / FAA / Civil (limited flying) / RAAF (main user)|
|Landing Surface Types:||Paved|
|Prominent People:||Guy Gibson|
|Aircraft Roles:||Air-sea rescue / Fighter (main role) / General aviation (limited flying) / Naval aviation / Trainer (main role)|
Easily the most austerity period in visual terms of the three World War Two era Isle of Man airfields, Andreas started life as a fighter airfield in the autumn of 1941. Australian-manned Spitfires of Nos 452 and 457 Squadrons mounted convoy patrols until June 1942, succeeded by the reformed No 93 Squadron which similarly left the following September.
Andreas was always one of these more quietly effective airfields where residents got on with their required tasks without too much in the way of fuss. The following six months after the final fighters departed proved particularly low key but a detachment of No 275 Squadron which had arrived shortly after the airfield opened continued to provide air-sea rescue cover until the spring of 1944, by which time activity here had fully burst back into life with No 11 Air Gunners School (AGS). This unit had formed in May 1943 to give instruction over the Irish Sea with relative safety, initially using Avro Ansons and Miles Martinets before gradually dropping the latter type and also flying some Supermarine Spitfires and Vickers Wellingtons. Another significant role the airfield performed towards the end of World War Two was as a designated diversionary airfield.
Peacetime eventually saw the Air Gunners School move to Jurby in September 1946 and Andreas quickly ran down prior to closure. Manx Government bought the airfield in the autumn of 1947 and its dispersed sites were gradually derequisitioned soon after. Eventually the land was sold to a local family but, despite some demolition involving especially the three Bellman and eight Blister hangars, much of the airfield still remains, including the derelict control tower and three runways. Even better still is that Andreas continues to see flying, albeit of a limited nature, especially for sailplanes of the eponymous club which appeared here during the 1990s. Despite lying somewhat off the beaten track, in so many ways the airfield has changed for the better everyday life in this part of the Isle of Man and continues to be remembered both locally and far abroad.
The following organisations are either based at, use and/or have at least potentially significant connections with the airfield (as at 01/09/2011):
- Andreas Parish Commissioners
- Andreas Parish Hall
- Birchall Plant Hire Ltd
- Diverse Signs
- Northern Scrap Metals
- Ramsey Skips
- St. Andrew's Church, Kirk Andreas
Main unit(s) present:
- No 11 AGS
- No 41 Sqn
- No 93 Sqn
- No 275 Sqn
- No 452 Sqn
- No 457 Sqn
- No 772 Sqn
- No 808 Sqn
- No 825 Sqn
- Andreas Flying Club
- Andreas GC
Photographs and video from the ABCT marker unveiling at Andreas on 7 November 2015: